100 years ago

Sept. 4, 1919 — Do Not Waste Water

F.S. Bramwell, vice president of the state Chamber of Commerce, was up to attend the mixer at Tumalo, and told the Bend Commercial Club that there was water now available to provide for 30 to 60 per cent more land, and, a corresponding increase in population of this country, if care is used in handling the water.

The state chamber is using its influence for passage of the Lane-Mondell bill which would finance the Benham Falls reservoir scheme and greatly increase the area of irrigable lands of this country.

The Bend Bulletin quotes him as giving the following good advice to irrigators:

“Don’t over-irrigate. Many Central Oregon ranchers are using too much water. Remember that your fields have two ends. Don’t drown the upper end so as to soak the lower. Use enough water, then stop. If you use too much, you are depriving some other fellow, you are injuring your own crop, and you are doing lasting damage to the soil.”

“Mr. Bramwell recommended corrugation as the best system of irrigation, and advised more frequent cross ditching to make possible better distribution. ‘Above all, don’t make the mistake of thinking that extra water will take the place of cultivation,’ he said.”

75 years ago

Sept. 7, 1944 — Lt. Morton Takes Part in Rescue

Headquarters, 13th AAF, Southwest Pacific — This flight crew of the 13th AAF service command, operating in the south and southwest Pacific, is credited with aiding in the rescue of a lone survivor of a plane crash in a south Pacific island jungle.

The flyers, all members of a troop carrier squadron, spotted the crash survivor as they were making a flying run over the island. They dropped medical supplies, food, and cigarettes to the man, then radioed his location to a 13th AAF service command emergency rescue boat crew who saved him.

The flying crew is, left to right: Staff Sgt. Irving L. Soffer, radio operator, of Bronx, N.Y.

First Lt. Victor L. Morton, pilot, son of Mr. and Mrs. H.L. Morton, Redmond, Ore., and whose wife, Mrs. Zella Morton, resides at 130 Canal street, Bend, Ore.

Staff Sgt. Maurice L. Rhein, crew chief, of Brooklyn, N.Y.

Flight officer Joseph D. Hood, navigator, of Atlanta, Ga.

50 years ago

Sept. 10, 1969 — Education offices may teach children during 21st century

By Craig A. Palmer

Washington — Our children’s children may go to “education offices” in the year 2000 to get daily instruction from a “manager of learning.”

The manager of learning will know the services available and the child’s needs and will make judgments accordingly, says Dr. Hendrik G. Gideonse, pipe-smoking director of research program planning in the U.S. Office of Education.

“Instead of presenting materials to the learner, which is what teachers typically do, there will be other modes of presentation, either books or games or a programmed instructional pamphlet or computer, and the learning manager’s job will be to assess John’s progress relative to the materials he is in and the objectives that someone sets for this child,” Gideonse explained in an interview with UPI.

“It will become a very great issue as to which objectives are chosen. Once you get past the three R’s type of thing, you move into areas that are a little more sensitive.

“Suppose we develop instructional programs that could change people’s attitudes or values? I think we can. I think they already exist.”

Will they be in use in the classroom of the year 2000?

“I am sure they will be,” Gideonse replied.

Children will be more involved in the process of learning, or learning how to learn, because of the knowledge explosion and the communications revolution, he said.

He also foresees “a closer link between the community and the schooling we provide for children.”

“If you really want to make schools relevant, how about having grocers, lawyers, doctors, manufacturers and the like come in and talk to the children?”

In spite of all the changes, much will be the same as now, he believes. Children will still have a certain number of years of schooling. Schools will still have curricula, and baccalaureate degrees will still be awarded.

And some kids will still hate the whole business.

25 years ago

Sept. 7, 1994 — Extended-area phone service begins Nov. 5

Telephone customers in Redmond and Bend will soon be able to call each other toll-free.

New rates were approved last week by the Oregon Public Utility Commission for extended-area service (EAS) between the two communities. The EAS rates will be available on Nov. 5.

The monthly charge for flat-rate service for both Redmond and Bend residential customers will be $1.35. Redmond and Bend business customers will pay $2.05 per month for flat-rate service. Rates for both Redmond and Bend include new EAS to Sisters.